Foreign exchange reserves are the foreign currency deposits held by national central banks by monetary authorities. In today’s article we will look at the 15 nations in the world that have the most reserves (including gold). Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Top Country by Total Reserves
Top 15 Country by Total Reserves Including Gold 1960/2020
What are the top nations in the world with the most reserves, including gold, in dollars? In 2020, the top nation in the world is China. At $3,360,000,000,000 the Asian nation ranks first globally for this metric. Compared to only 18 years ago (2012), China has increased the value of reserves by 10 times from about 360 billion to the current value. In second place among the nations with the most reserves is another Asian nation. Japan. With a value of 1,390,000,000 dollars in fact the nation that recently hosted the Olympics is in second position. The third step of the podium, if we can so define it, is instead occupied by Switzerland. In fact, Switzerland has a value of more than 1,000,000,000 dollars of reserves in 2020. The European country, which is not part of the European Union, thus surpasses the United States by more than 50%. Following the United States we also find the Russian Federation and India, which are in fifth and sixth position respectively.
In this video: Top Country by Total Reserves
The top 15 worldwide also include, for example, Saudi Arabia, Korea, Singapore and Brazil. The top 15 is rounded off by a number of nations that are members of the European Union. Germany, France and Italy. Italy, in fact, has total reserves equal to 211,000,000 dollars. A value that even if multiplied by 15 does not reach the figure for China.
Top 100 Countries by foreign-exchange reserves
In the table below you can see the Top 100 Countries by foreign-exchange reserves. The data in this case are slightly different because they are updated to 2021. But in the end the top 3 countries are still the same: China, Japan and Switzerland.
Going to analyze the nations that have had the largest positive variation in the last week/month, at the first place in this case we find Japan. Japan, which in the last period had a positive variation of +37.780 million dollars. In second place we find China with +37.128 million and in third place Brazil, 11th at the level of foreing exchange reserves, with a figure of +14.724.
Sources and useful links
I used several sources for the article and the video, including World Bank Data.
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