“New York, New York”. Frank Sinatra’s song, recorded in 1979, is dedicated to the city of New York. The city is currently the most populated in the United States. And perhaps the best-known city in the world. But how many people live in New York City What is the density of the population? How has the demographics of the Big Apple developed? All the answers are in this new in-depth article.
New York City Population
How many people live in New York City? We have said that New York City is the most populated city in the United States. But how many are the inhabitants of New York City? According to estimates by the United States Census Bureau, the inhabitants estimated as of April 1, 2020, are 8,804,190. The 2020 figure is up by 629,057 residents compared to April 1 2010.
According to these data, New York is the first city in the United States by the number of inhabitants, followed by Los Angeles in California, with almost 4 million and Chicago, Illinois, with 2,746,388 inhabitants.
The population of New York is therefore nearly 9 million. But in percentage terms, how is it distributed? What characteristics does it have? If we analyse, for example, the population under 18, in New York, more than 20% of the population is this age. Still, about age-related characteristics, 14.5% of people living in New York are over 65. As for sex, 52.3% of the residents are female, while 47.7% are male.
The Five Boroughs of New York City
The population of New York City spreads across five boroughs. The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island. But which are the districts with the most inhabitants?
Among the most populated New York City boroughs is Brooklyn, with a resident population in 2020 of 2,736,074. If this district were a city, it would rank fourth among all cities in the United States. Brooklyn's population is slightly less than that of Chicago, Illinois. The borough of Brooklyn has an area equal to 69.4 milia square and 179.7 km2. That means that the population density (people / mi2) is 39,439 and in km2 of 15,227.
The Boroughs of Queens is the second largest borough in New York City as of 2020. In total, Queens are 2,405,464. However, the total area is the largest one compared to the other districts. The site is 108.7 square miles or 281.5 km. In such a large area, the population density is almost half that of Brooklyn: 22,125 persons / mi2 and 8,542 persons / km2.
The districts with the most inhabitants in New York City are Manhattan with 1,694,251 inhabitants, The Bronx with 1,472,654 and Staten Island in the fifth position where the inhabitants are less than 500,000. More precisely, the inhabitants of Staten Island are 495,747.
New York City demographic history since 1900
If we say that New York City is the most inhabited city in the United States, with 8,804,190 inhabitants in 2020, what is the demographic history of this city? And which districts have been the most populated over time?
From 1900 to 2022, the population in New York City more than doubled. If in 1900 the total population was 3,437,202 in 2020 it grew by + 5,366,988. The greatest growth (calculated every ten years) was from 1900 to 1910. The population went from about 3 million and 400 thousand to over 4 million and 750 thousand. In just one decade, the population grew by +1.329.681.
A similar figure occurred from 1920 to 1930 when the population peaked at 5,620,048 to 6,930,446, growing over 1 million and 300 thousand. In the following years, growth slowed, and in two decades, from 1950 to 1960 and from 1970 to 1980, the population declined. But in general, from 1980 onwards, the growth is stable.
But has the population of New York City evolved similarly demographically in all boroughs?
When Manhattan was the largest borough in New York City
Manhattan was at least until the 1920s the most populous borough in New York. In fact, in 1920, the resident population in the borough of Manhattan was 2,284,103, while that in Brooklyn was 2,018,365. The Bronx, Queens, and Staten Island had a smaller combined population of M. and B. In the years after 1920, Brooklyn overtook Manhattan.
By 1930 Brooklyn already had 2,560,401 inhabitants, and Manhattan had dropped to 1,867,312. In addition to the great Brooklyn borough growth and the descent of Manhattan, both the Bronx and Queens had undergone strong growth. In 1930, the Bronx boroughs were 1,265,258 and Queens 1,079,129.
Over the decades, the borough of Queens has continued to increase its population significantly. In 1950 it passed the Bronx with 1,550,849 inhabitants. And in 1960, it also surpassed Manhattan with 1,809,578 inhabitants compared to M., which had dropped to less than 1 million and 700 thousand. Over time, the distance between Queens and Brooklyn has narrowed more and more, except from 2000 to 2010 where it remained essentially the same.
New york Immigration
Among the characteristics of New York City, there is also the strong "attractiveness" for the immigrant population. This city has always been famous for its multiculturalism. There are over 800 languages spoken. Census Data estimates show that 37.51% of the people of New York City, over 1 in 3 residents, were born abroad. A much higher figure than the average of the United States, where the percentage is 13%. The 2010 ratio is one of the highest ever recorded. But as early as 1900, the FB figures were close to 40%. In 1910, 40.79% of the population was born abroad.
Currently, the resident population of New York City-born overseas is over 3 million.
The nationalities of origin of New York City residents
But of the more than three million citizens born abroad, which are the most represented nationalities of origin? In the first place, we find the Dominican Republic. 13.5% of the total foreign-born resident in New York City is, in fact, from this state.
In the first place, we find the Dominican Republic. 13.5% of the total foreign-born resident in New York City is, in fact, from this state. The number of residents born in the Dominican Republic is 422,244. In the second place, we find China with 10.2% of the total foreign-born and 318,581 residents in New York City. Instead, in third place, Mexico with 183,197 residents in NYC and 5.8% of the total. India closes the top 10 with 76,424 residents and 2.4% foreign-born. We find Jamaica, Guyana, Ecuador, Haiti, Trinidad & Tobago, and Bangladesh in the top positions.
Source and links
This article took eight hours to complete. Several databases were analysed, including the US Census Bureau and books such as Population History in New York City (New York State Series).
Support "Statistics and Data"