After analysing New York City today it is the turn of another great city. One of the best known cities in the world: London. How many people live in London? How have they changed over time? Which is the most populated district in London? In today’s article, we will take a closer look at some of the demographics of this beautiful city.
Let's start by answering a first question. How many people live in London? According to the latest estimates published in 2020 the population of London exceeded 9 million. More precisely, the figure is 9.2 million inhabitants. The number of inhabitants has been growing steadily from at least 1991 to 2020. The number of inhabitants in 1991 was 6,887,280. From 1991 to 2001 the population grew by +0.41%, from 2001 to 2011 by +1.32% and from 2011 to 2020 by more than 1.20%.
How many people lived in London in 1801? The situation in 1801 was very different. The total number of inhabitants was 1,011,157. Thanks to the industrial development of the United Kingdom and in particular of London, the population grew by more than 3 percentage points in the middle of the nineteenth century. This was the case from 1851 to 1861 when the population rose from 2,286,609 to 3,094,391 with a growth of +3.07%. Between 1881 and 1891, the population exceeded 5 million and then declined during the years of the Second World War. Growth, as can be seen in the video, returned to above 1% from 2001 to 2011.
London was for many years the largest city in the European Union
But which are the largest cities in the world by number of inhabitants? And where does London rank? London is the 29th largest city in the world by population. Ahead of it are Lima in Peru, Dhaka in Bangladesh, Xi'an in China and Tehran in Iran. However, London is the most populous city in Europe.
Before Britain's exit from the United Kingdom, London was officially the European Union's largest city by population. Not only that, London has more than twice as many inhabitants as Berlin which, according to census estimates, had 3,669,495 inhabitants on 31 December 2019. In second position among the cities with the most inhabitants in the European Union is Madrid, with 3,348,536. And then Italy with Rome and its 2,856,133. Among the cities with more than two million inhabitants are Paris in France and Bucharest in Romania with 2,161,847 inhabitants.
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