Afghanistan has suddenly returned to the centre of world debate. After the withdrawal of the troops, the situation in the country has changed rapidly. In this article I will try to show some useful data to understand Afghanistan. The data are about demographics, the economy, the number of refugees and so on. The article will be constantly updated and content will be added day by day. The first content I will show you is about the population of Afghanistan from 1960 to 2020. Afghanistan Population 2021
Afghanistan Population 2020
The population of Afghanistan in 2020 was almost 39 million. The growth in the number of inhabitants in Afghanistan has been rapid since the 1990s. In about 30 years, it has risen from 12.5 million to almost 39 million in 2020. This is a very high growth rate, since in the previous 30 years, from 1960 to 1990, the population had increased by less than 3.5 million.
According to the latest available estimates, Afghanistan ranked 37th in the world in terms of population in 2020. With 38.9 million inhabitants, it has over the years overtaken countries such as Poland and Canada. The population growth, from 2019 to 2020, for example, was +2.33%. The net positive change was about 886 thousand people.
Unlike many European countries, where the problem of the low birth rate is increasing the average age of the population, the population in Afghanistan is decidedly young. The largest age group in absolute terms, and therefore in percentage terms, is the 0-4 age group. The number of people per age group decreases as age increases.
For example, if in Italy the population aged 0-14 is 13.45% of the total population, in Afghanistan the figure is over 21%.
Another interesting fact concerns the population born before 2001 and after 2001. Most of the people living in Africa today were born after 2001. In fact, 53.71% were born during the year of the war, while 46.29% were born before the conflict in Afghanistan.
As the general increase in population has tripled in just a few years, population density has also risen steadily since the 1990s. The number of people per km has risen from around 20 in 1991 to over 55 in 2020. The latest available data, from 2018, shows that the population density has reached 56.94. In 1961, the same parameter was 14.045.
Population of Aghanistan 2021
Natural population change is the difference between the number of live births and deaths during a given period of time. Here you can see data from 1950 to 2020 (per year) in addition to the UN forecast for the period 2020-2025.
Interestingly, the birth rate has been rising steadily since 1950, with a marked increase from 1985 onwards. Currently the 2020-2025 projection is 1,167,000 births per year. Of course, it will be important to understand how these projections will change given the new situation. In fact, from 2020 to 2025 an increase of 927,000 people per year was projected (given by the birth-death ratio).
Most Populated Cities in Afghanistan – 2020
The city (the only one) with more than 1 million inhabitants in Afghanistan, as of 1 January 2020, is the state capital: Kabul. Kabul has in fact a population of over 4 million. The precise estimate is 4,273,156 inhabitants. In second place is Kandahar with over 600,000 inhabitants, followed by Herat with over 500,000 inhabitants.
Kabul is not only the capital of Afghanistan, but also the largest city in terms of inhabitants. With an estimated population of over 4 million in 2020, it is curious to find out how the demographic growth of this city came about. Until the 1970s, Kabul was a city of fewer than 500,000 inhabitants. Demographic growth has been constant and except for a few years of decline, the population has increased year by year.
Since 2001, the population has increased by almost 2 million inhabitants, from 2.5 million to 4.2 million in 2020. However, population growth has been strong since 1970. In 1990, there were already more than 1.5 million inhabitants in Kabul.
To read: Refugee Population by Country or Territory of Origin – 1965/2019: https://statisticsanddata.org/data/refugee-population-by-country-or-territory-of-origin/
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