The cooling system by immersion in liquid refrigerant by Bitcoin miners is a proposal that is increasingly present in the crypto world since it is a strategy that seeks to increase and accelerate the machines that keep the network alive, that is, the servers and hardware equipment used in the mining process. Sign up on popular platforms to start bitcoin trading.

Benefits offered to crypto mining.

Large mining areas generate a lot of heat, which is not a secret, and those in charge of these areas have been looking at how to lower the temperature of the servers; where this new liquid cooling immersion system seems to be the solution, increasing profit performance, eventually all large miners will employ submerged mining on a large scale.

This cooling system provides the following benefits:

  • Reduces high energy consumption, favoring the environment.
  • Reduces the number of moving parts that must be maintained and replaced.
  • The density of the hardware increases because the liquid is more effective at removing heat.
  • Provides higher processor utilization by keeping temperatures below the set heating limit
  • Allows ease of maintenance of electronic components as they are kept clean and dry.
  • Significantly reduces noise in server rooms.
  • Helps protect computer equipment from dust.

This new technique allows for reduced costs and generates profits; this particularity will be reflected notably in the electricity bill, which will decrease its amount significantly, thanks to the reduction in heating; many more pieces of equipment can be placed close to each other, making the most of the physical areas.

Some companies that already use it

Microsoft implemented it by submerging servers in the sea, obtaining optimal results. In this case, we are introducing data center servers into tanks filled with large enough liquid to remain submerged, the liquid used in these cases. It is dielectric, which insulates the electrical current needed by electronic devices.

This liquid can be mineral oil, deionized water, or a solution specially created for this process.

This system is classified into two types: firstly, the unique immersion class uses a refrigerant liquid that absorbs the heat from the submerged equipment and passes through a circuit to another tank, where a water circuit cools it again once the tank has cooled liquid returns to the server tanks to fulfill its function.

The refrigerant liquid never boils, evaporates, or freezes, so this process is not exempt from essential specific spaces.

And second, biphasic immersion, a more complex process that uses a dielectric liquid with a low boiling point of 100ºC, is allowed to boil and evaporate due to the heat produced by the submerged servers.

The vapor that is released rises from the tank to pass through some condensers, where it returns to its liquid state, falling in the form of rain on the tank, restarting the process.

The specific case of Bitcoin mining

Mining is a widely used process since it generates profits in small amounts daily. A large number of servers represents a significant and profitable sum, which is why improving this process is sought. Strategies are used that oppose its operation and practice.

Many find it advantageous to mine Bitcoin or any other type of currency, but you have to consider everything that this process implies; this aspect of equipment overheating affects not only the hardware but also the environment.

That is why the development of new policies and strategies is used to balance between those who see this project as a very profitable way of working and earning and those who promulgate that it is just a fraud, causing negative influences on society and the world environment.

We must all be aware of the consequences of our actions, but by evaluating the different points of view, we can take advantage of it; that is why mining and Bitcoin are becoming more polarized every day and increasing in large numbers worldwide, either as small home miners or at a macro level as consolidated companies.


Various industries have used this technique for a long time, which in turn has allowed the evolution and diversification of uses, which has allowed the number of equipment to increase significantly as well as the variety of conductive liquids, considering the hardware that is in use.